After sulfur removal the refinery produced gas is fired in process furnaces to heat up feed to the different plants. The gas consists of hydrogen and light hydrocarbons, mainly methane and ethane.
Naphtha, which is a lighter fraction of the crude oil, is the raw material for gasoline production. The octane number of the naphtha is too low, and has to be increased before it may be used as motor fuel.
First, sulfur is removed in a desulfurization plant, and next the octane number is increased from around 50 to 100 in a catalytic reformer. It is this product, the reformate, which is the main component in the gasoline marketed at the petrol stations.
The naphtha is mixed with suitable components to make the end product gasoline. By conversion of naphtha to reformate, hydrogen is split from the naphtha molecules, and this hydrogen gas is used in all desulfurization plants.
In 1998, a separate benzene extraction plant was installed to comply with new petrol specifications.
Sulfur components removed in desulfurization processes are converted into pure sulfur (yellow solid at ambient temperature). This non-hazardous material is used by the paper and pulp processing industry.
Naphtha is a light hydrocarbon fraction. Distinction is made between light naphtha with a boiling range from 30-70Â°C, and heavy naphtha with a boiling range from 60-170Â°C. Small volumes of light naphtha are mixed into the gasoline, but the bulk of the production goes to the petrochemical industry. The heavy naphtha is feed stock for the petrol production.
LPG, Light Petroleum Gas, is a generic term for propane and butane. LPG is used for heating, transportation fuel, and in the petrochemical industry.
ESSO FYRINGSPARAFIN is a kerosene ideally suited for heating purposes. Until 2000, the product was clear as water and without color. ESSO FYRINGSPARAFIN may be used for all types of wick burners and burner pots. It does not provide a high enough flame before sooting, so for lighting purposes, illuminating kerosene is recommended. As from 20 February 2000 ESSO FYRINGSPARAFIN has a green color. The dye has no effect on Â the combustion.
Aviation fuel has the same properties as kerosene, but has to meet much more stringent quality requirements. Slagen produces and supplies two types of aviation fuel â one for the Norwegian defense and one for civil aircraft. The fuel produced for the defense contains additives which makes it better suited for storage.
Unlike kerosene aviation fuel is not colored green.
For cars and boats, a large number of diesel types, as well as different types of fuels, may be employed.
Advanced fuel for you and your engine
At Esso we pride ourselves on developing fuels to help your engine run more smoothly. That’s why our advanced fuels have been developed with you and your engine in mind:
Our fuels are developed to help your car’s engine deliver better performance. They also work at a molecular level to help remove deposits that have formed in your fuel system. This helps your engine’s fuel economy wherever you are driving towards.
Esso diesel has been engineered to help*:
We Fuel Progress.
Esso Offroad Diesel OLJE (diesel oil) is a standard diesel exempted from tax which is employed for special purposes such as construction machines, tractors etc. As from 20.02.2000 the product is colored green.
Esso Lettdiesel (light diesel) is a kerosene based diesel, which gives the product excellent cold resisting properties, with an operational limit touching -50°C. To avoid increased wear of the diesel pump, lubricant is added to the product. Esso Lettdiesel has a slightly lower cetane rating and density than conventional ADO. When switching to this type of fuel this can be noticed through reduced traction force. If the conditions demand it (low outdoor temperature, tunneling etc.) Esso Lettdiesel may be employed for high-speed diesel engines.
Esso Lavsvovel Gassolje (LSGO) (Low sulfur gas oil) is a gas oil with good ignition and combustion properties, and with cold resisting properties adapted to summer and winter climates in Norway. The product has a low sulfur contents to meet stricter environmental standards, and good lubrication properties. LSGO is suited for use in marine high-speed and medium speed diesel engines.
Esso Fyringsolje NR.1 (fuel oil no. 1) is a light fuel oil, with good combustion properties and suited for plants designed for light fuel oil.
Esso Marine Gassolje (marine gas oil) is a gas oil with good ignition properties suitable for use in marine high-speed and medium speed diesel engines.
Esso Marine Spesial is a heavy marine distillate quality suitable for use in all marine medium speed diesel engines.
Esso Fyringsolje Spesial (special fuel oil) is suitable for use in oil-heating plants with medium large oil burners where the fuel oil may be preheated to meet the proper atomization for viscosity.
Heavy distillate (Heavy Atmospheric Gas Oil) is a heavy hydrocarbon fraction with a density of 0.92 kg/l. It contains approx. 0.5 % sulfur and has a dark, brandy-colored hue. HAGO is shipped from Slagentangen to other refineries/chemical industry for further processing.
The heaviest of our products. It is black in color and contains around 1% sulfur. Heavy oil is used as bunker fuel on tankers, and as fuel oil in heavy industries.
*Emissions refers to CO, HC and NOx. Claims based on one or more of the following: (1) internal or third party vehicle engine testing; (2) government publications; and/or (3) industry or other scientific literature. Basis for comparison for all claims is versus unadditised standard fuel. Available at participating Esso service stations only. Engine type, driving behaviour and other factors may also determine fuel and vehicle performance, including emissions and fuel economy. Digital simulation of product and artistic rendition of engine have been used. Esso, Esso. We Fuel Progress are trademarks of Exxon Mobil Corporation.